9th Grade English Curriculum - Lord of the Flies | Common Core Lessons (2023)

Literary Terms

allegory,dystopia, theme, symbol, dramatic irony, irony, power dynamics, allusion,conflict, archetype

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apprehension (11), specious (11), immersed (13), obscure (22), mirage (14), clamor (22), ascent (26), incredulous (29), enmity (14), eccentric (19), rational (36), martyr (38), errant (38), incompetence (40), subside (41), inscrutable (49 and 177), primitive (49), assented (42), furtive (49), tirade (45), conditioned (62), timid (63), tacit (65), resent (72), reverence (78), contempt (85) and contemptuously (101), relentless (101), oppressive ( 102), exasperation ( 102), antagonism (118), infuriating (121), diminishing ( 123), indignant (128), assurance (129), assured (132), dreadful (135), sufficiency (141), misguided ( 143), intersperse (146), inaudible (153), gesticulating/gestures (156 and 157), composite (166), luminous (169 and 174), timidly (171), multitudinous (173), incantation (180), inimical (187), ululation/ululating ( 189 and 191), scorched (202)

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Idioms and Cultural References

“Lord of theFlies”; a wave of fear, closed circuit, storm of laughter, piggy in the middle

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What are the main lessons of Lord of the Flies? ›

William Golding, 1983. "The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society to the defects of human nature. The moral is that the shape of a society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable."

What grade should I teach Lord of the Flies? ›

9th Grade English Curriculum - Lord of the Flies | Common Core Lessons.

How to teach Lord of the Flies? ›

Discuss the role human nature plays in the novel. Understand the symbolic nature of the character, the "Lord of the Flies." Explain how the novel functions as a loss-of-innocence story. Clarify the symbolism of the different boys and of various objects on the island.

What is taught in English 9? ›

English 9 covers literary terminology, vocabulary building, test-taking strategies and a range of text types. Students will be reading fictional literature as well as non-fiction informational texts.

What are the 3 main themes in Lord of the Flies? ›

Three themes in 'Lord of the Flies' are civilization vs. savagery, the impact of humankind on nature, and the nature of humanity.

Why is Lord of the Flies taught in high school? ›

Lord of the Flies by William Golding has been a staple in high school English classrooms for decades, mainly because of its biting analysis of human nature and the need for society in order to avoid the deadly dangers of chaos.

What age level is Lord of the Flies? ›

This coming-of-age book by William Golding is published by Riverhead Books, a division of Penguin Group and is written for ages 13 and up. The age range reflects readability and not necessarily content appropriateness.

Do schools still read Lord of the Flies? ›

Many school districts "believe the book's violence and demoralizing scenes to be too much for young audiences to handle," according to enotes. Despite attempts to ban the book, "Lord of the Flies" remains popular.

Is Lord of the Flies a difficult read? ›

Lord of the Flies is hard, and significantly harder [than The Outsiders], significantly more complex,” said Lemov. “Anyone who has read that book knows how hard it is. It has archaic language, it's full of allusions to different worlds, they use British English.”

Why is Lord of the Flies controversial? ›

Controversy over Content

Much of the disturbing passages from Lord of the Flies involve graphic images of violence. As the boys stay on the island lengthens, Golding gradually exposes the innate, savage nature of human beings. Thus, Golding has the boys resort to hunting and killing animals.

Is Lord of the Flies taught in school? ›

Lord of the Flies is a common staple in Ontario English classrooms, appearing in the curriculum of elementary schools and secondary schools across the province for generations.

How does Lord of the Flies teach us about government? ›

The boys in Lord of the Flies copy the behavior of their parents: competing, fighting and even killing each other for power. They form two groups, each following a different power system, the democratic system on the one side and the totalitarian system on the other.

What is taught in freshman English? ›

Freshman English instruction focuses on the central themes of maturation, diversity, and the development of compassion, empathy, and respect for others. The curriculum teaches the skills of reading, writing, discussion, language use, and vocabulary development through the study of literature.

What literature is taught in 9th grade? ›

Ninth Grade Literature and Composition is an overview of exemplar selections of literature in fiction and nonfiction genres. Students read short stories, poems, a full-length novel, and a full-length Shakespeare play, analyzing the use of elements of literature in developing character, plot, and theme.

What writing skills should a 9th grader have? ›

9th grade writing help

Apply composition techniques, including thesis statements, topic sentences, organized details and transitions. Approach different types of composition and essay assignments, including descriptive, illustrative, compare and contrast, cause and effect and persuasive writing.

What are 4 symbols in Lord of the Flies? ›

  • The Conch Shell. Ralph and Piggy discover the conch shell on the beach at the start of the novel and use it to summon the boys together after the crash separates them. ...
  • Piggy's Glasses. ...
  • The Signal Fire. ...
  • The Beast. ...
  • The Lord of the Flies. ...
  • Ralph, Piggy, Jack, Simon, and Roger.

What do Piggy's glasses symbolize? ›

The spectacles represent the boys' only means of obtaining fire through reflecting the sun's rays, and fire itself is symbolic of survival and rescue. Jack snatches the glasses off Piggy's face to create the fire, despite Piggy's protestations, and his dependence upon them.

What is the deeper meaning of Lord of the Flies? ›

Lord of the Flies explores the dark side of humanity, the savagery that underlies even the most civilized human beings. William Golding intended this novel as a tragic parody of children's adventure tales, illustrating humankind's intrinsic evil nature.

Why should Lord of the Flies not be taught in schools? ›

Lord of the Flies by William Golding was challenged in the Waterloo Iowa schools in 1992 because of profanity, lurid passages about sex, and statements defamatory to minorities, God, women, and the disabled. In 2000, it was challenged, but retained on the ninth-grade accelerated English reading list in Bloomfield, NY.

How does Lord of the Flies relate to culture? ›

Lord of the Flies is an allegorical microcosm of the world Golding knew and participated in. The island and the boys and many other objects and events in the work represent Golding's view of the world and humankind in general and some characteristics or values found in British culture specifically.

Is Lord of the Flies depressing? ›

Kafka's novel is both dizzying and frustrating in its portrayal of a man who is helpless in the face of persecution (for an unspecified crime) from an oppressive and unknown organisation. Of course, when you really think about Lord of the Flies, it is, on the surface, rather depressing.

Is Piggy the Lord of the Flies? ›

Piggy is the first boy Ralph encounters on the island after the crash and remains the most true and loyal friend throughout Lord of the Flies.

Why is Lord of the Flies so good? ›

The book is an allegory and commentary on morality and society. It talks about the difference of living in an orderly world compared to living a world in chaos, it talks about using reason over emotions in your judgment and living in order and law versus living in savagery.

Is Lord of the Flies based on the Bible? ›

The title of the book, Lord of the Flies, is an allusion to Beelzebub, the "prince of demons" from the Bible and the novel's central symbol (Matthew 12:24). The title comes from the name the boys give the evil beast they fear in the story.

Why is the Lord of the Flies ending ironic? ›

Much of the irony at the end of the novel stems from Golding's portrayal of the naval officer. Although the naval officer saves Ralph, the ending of Lord of the Flies still is not particularly happy, and the moment in which the officer encounters the boys is not one of untainted joy.

Why is Lord of the Flies unrealistic? ›

The Lord of the Flies is unrealistic because of the reasoning for escalation and eventual outcomes. This novel was extremely hard to get into; the degree of how unrealistic the text is was unappealing. The beginning of the novel was very stagnant; the initial lifestyle the boys developed was smooth and within order.

How many hours does it take to read Lord of the Flies? ›

The average reader will spend 3 hours and 12 minutes reading this book at 250 WPM (words per minute). How quickly can you read this book?

Is Lord of the Flies movie suitable for a 12 year old? ›

Lord of the Flies (1963), directed by Peter Brook, was classified X (suitable only for those aged 16 and over) for language and nudity as well as the final scenes in the film, which were considered too strong and alarming for children.

What is Lord of the Flies about short summary? ›

William Golding's 1954 novel "Lord of the Flies" tells the story of a group of young boys who find themselves alone on a deserted island. They develop rules and a system of organization, but without any adults to serve as a civilizing impulse, the children eventually become violent and brutal.

What is ironic about Lord of the Flies? ›

Dramatic Irony in Lord of the Flies

The irony is that grownups are afraid. They can't discuss and agree on things. That is the reason the boys are trapped on an island. If adults could discuss, there would have been no war, and the boys would be safe at school.

What grade reading level is Lord of the Flies? ›

This book's Lexile measure is 770L and is frequently taught in the 9th and 10th grade.

Why are there no females in Lord of the Flies? ›

Golding himself has said he focused his book on only boys, and not only girls, for two reasons. The first was that he was once a little boy, not a little girl, and the second was that a “a group of little boys are more like scaled down society than a group of little girls will be.

Is The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn taught in schools? ›

It is important that Huckleberry Finn is taught in school, but many people disagree because of the many racial comments and conflict revolving around the character of color, Jim. The first reason Huck Finn should be taught in school is that it teaches history.

Is Simon schizophrenia Lord of the Flies? ›

He has lived with schizophrenia for a good portion of his life and understands what he can do to help him decrease the severity of the symptoms. He knows to get exercise, have a balanced diet, and ensure good sleep patterns. Simon believes his symptoms have moderated over time.

What are Simon's morals in Lord of the Flies? ›

In Golding's view, the human impulse toward civilization is not as deeply rooted as the human impulse toward savagery. Unlike all the other boys on the island, Simon acts morally not out of guilt or shame but because he believes in the inherent value of morality.

What does Lord of the Flies teach us about democracy? ›

The island starts out as a democracy with an elected leader, Ralph. Ralph holds meetings, sets rules and establishes law and order. The weaker members of society (Piggy and the Littluns) are mostly protected from harm. The democracy, however, quickly breaks down as fear and violence take hold.

What is the main conflict in Lord of the Flies? ›

The major conflict in Lord of the Flies is the struggle between Jack and Ralph. The fight for who will lead the island represents the clash between a peaceful democracy, as symbolized by Ralph, and a violent dictatorship, as symbolized by Jack.

What is covered in 9th grade English? ›

Ninth grade English engages students in a rich, challenging year of growth as thinkers, readers, and writers. Instruction develops higher-order thinking through a focus on critical reading, essay writing, language usage and style, the elements of literature, and vocabulary development.

What is 9th grade English like? ›

A typical course of study for 9th grade English language arts will include a variety of literary works from different cultures around the world. 9th graders usually cover book reports, which build both reading comprehension and composition skills, as well as expand on writing skills they built in previous years.

What should be taught in a high school English class? ›

Students will grow in their ability to communicate in formal and informal situations while developing the interpersonal skills required for effective collaboration.
  • Comprehension and collaboration.
  • Presentation of knowledge and ideas.
  • Research to build and present knowledge.
  • Range of writing.

What books do 9th graders read in English? ›

Books for Grade 9 – our recommendations
  • Long Way Down by Jason Reynolds. ...
  • Amos Fortune, Free Man by Elizabeth Yates. ...
  • Nothing by Janne Teller. ...
  • Lord of the Flies by William Golding. ...
  • Catch-22 by Joseph Heller. ...
  • Brave New World by Aldous Huxley. ...
  • To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. ...
  • The Catcher in the Rye by J D Salinger.
Jan 16, 2023

What are the core subjects in year 9? ›

At TNHA, all students will study a core curriculum that includes GCSE English language, English literature, Mathematics, and Combined Science as well as recreational PE and PSHE.

What should YEAR 9 be learning in English? ›

Content: Students will study a wide range of poetry and learn to make links and comparisons between poems. Students will be given the opportunities to develop the key skills of the Assessment Objectives. Students will learn how to analyse language, form and structure.

What are the 5 basic writing skills? ›

Basic writing skills: These include spelling, capitalization, punctuation, handwriting and keyboarding, and sentence structure (e.g., learning to eliminate run-ons and sentence fragments). Basic writing skills are sometimes called the “mechanics” of writing.

What are the 3 essential writing skills? ›

Many people may be able to get by with two out of three, but the greats have all three. These components are: grammatical skill, compositional skill, and domain knowledge.

What is the hidden message in Lord of the Flies? ›

The story “Lord of the Flies” is a big hidden message about human nature, the beautiful aspects and the ugly. It is completely blunt about what every person has deep within them. Whether people choose to embrace or reject their flaws is how everyone develops their personal journey, good or bad.

What message does Lord of the Flies symbolize? ›

In this way, the Lord of the Flies becomes both a physical manifestation of the beast, a symbol of the power of evil, and a kind of Satan figure who evokes the beast within each human being. Looking at the novel in the context of biblical parallels, the Lord of the Flies recalls the devil, just as Simon recalls Jesus.

What does Lord of the Flies teach us about power? ›

In Lord of the Flies, we learn that absolute power corrupts absolutely—but limited power might end up making leaders better. This is the difference between Ralph, who gets more mature in his role as chief, and Jack, who gets—savage.

What does Piggy's character represent? ›

Piggy represents the scientific and rational side of humanity, supporting Ralph's signal fires and helping to problem solve on the island. However, Piggy's asthma, weight, and poor eyesight make him physically inferior to the others, making him vulnerable to scorn and ostracism.

What is the most significant symbol in Lord of the Flies? ›

Ralph and Piggy discover the conch shell on the beach at the start of the novel and use it to summon the boys together after the crash separates them. Used in this capacity, the conch shell becomes a powerful symbol of civilization and order in the novel.

What are the two main themes in Lord of the Flies? ›

anarchy, or the broader heading of good vs. evil. Throughout the novel, Golding associates the instinct of civilization with good and the instinct of savagery with evil.

What is ironic in Lord of the Flies? ›

Dramatic Irony in Lord of the Flies

The irony is that grownups are afraid. They can't discuss and agree on things. That is the reason the boys are trapped on an island. If adults could discuss, there would have been no war, and the boys would be safe at school.

What does the boy with the birthmark symbolize in Lord of the Flies? ›

As a part of Jack's group, Simon, and the Littlun with the birthmark must represent strength. However, all three boys have a defect that sets them apart from the rest of the children on the island.

What are the most important quotes in Lord of the Flies? ›

Lord of the Flies Quotes
  • “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy.” ...
  • “The thing is - fear can't hurt you any more than a dream.” ...
  • “We did everything adults would do. ...
  • “The greatest ideas are the simplest.”

What does the conch symbolize in Lord of the Flies? ›

The conch is used not only to call meetings but also to establish order when the boys talk. Thus, the conch symbolizes civilization, adult rules, and the democratic process. As Ralph is the first to utilize the conch as a social tool, it also becomes a symbol of Ralph's legitimacy as a leader.


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